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Friday, Jun-5 2020 09:32 WIB
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Industri Pengolahan Kakao Setor Devisa Hingga US$1,13 Miliar
Published: 17 Sep 2019 15:51 WIB


IMQ, Jakarta —  Industri pengolahan kakao berperan penting dalam memberikan kontribusi terhadap pertumbuhan ekonomi nasional.

"Saat ini, industri pengolahan kakao merupakan bagian dari industri makanan dan minuman yang menjadi andalan dalam peta jalan Making Indonesia 4.0. Sektor ini juga banyak melibatkan industri kecil dan menengah (IKM)," kata Menteri Perindustrian, Airlangga Hartarto, di Jakarta, Selasa (17/9).

Airlangga mengungkapkan, pengembangan hilirisasi industri pengolahan kakao nasional diarahkan untuk menghasilkan bubuk cokelat atau kakao, lemak cokelat atau kakao, makanan dan minuman dari cokelat, suplemen, pangan fungsional berbasis kakao, serta kosmetik dan farmasi.

"Indonesia merupakan negara pengolah produk kakao olahan ke-3 dunia setelah Belanda dan Pantai Gading. Industri pengolahan kakao kita telah menghasilkan produk cocoa liquor, cocoa butter, cocoa cake dan cocoa powder," papar dia.

Pada tahun lalu, lanjut Airlangga, produk-produk tersebut mayoritas 85% diekspor sebanyak 328.329 ton dengan menyumbang devisa hingga US$1,13 miliar, sedangkan produk kakao olahan yang dipasarkan di dalam negeri sebesar 58.341 ton atau 15%.

"Sebagai salah satu negara produsen biji kakao, Indonesia telah mempunyai 20 perusahaan industri pengolahan kakao. Kami terus mendorong peningkatkan utilisasinya, seiring juga memacu produktivitas biji kakao di dalam negeri untuk menjaga pasokan bahan bakunya," ujarnya.

Berdasarkan data International Cocoa Organization (ICCO), Indonesia menempati urutan ke-6 sebagai produsen biji kakao terbesar di dunia setelah Pantai Gading, Ghana, Ekuador, Nigeria, dan Kamerun dengan volume produksi mencapai 220.000 ton sepanjang tahun lalu.

"Untuk mengembangkan industri pengolahan kakao dan meningkatkan nilai tambahnya, pemerintah mendorong pengembangan industri hilir kakao yaitu makanan berbasis kakao dan cokelat," tutur Airlangga.
Author: Indra BP
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